E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Review Article 


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review

Özlem ÇAKMAK TOLAN, Cemrenur KARAASLAN.

Abstract
In this review, Cognitive Behavioral Techniques (CBT) that are applied for people with panic disorder are examined. Panic Disorder (PD), in the category of anxiety disorders, is identified as extreme fear and uneasiness, repeated and unexpected panic attacks. When coexisting with agoraphobia associated with poor quality of life, it becomes a chronic feature, which can disable the person functionally. The study shows that childhood traumas, domestic violence, smoking, alcohol abuse, marriage problems, specific tragic events, tend to be anxious, and such like situations increase the risk of suffering from panic disorder. Applications of CBT-based technique specific to panic disorder aim to break the vicious cycle and restructure the patients' thoughts. The purpose of the review is to explain different concepts such as bibliotherapy, cognitive restructuring, Socratic questioning, relaxation techniques, systematic desensitization, exposure, psycho-education, coping strategies, homework and mindfulness techniques. The review also aims to evaluate the effectiveness of these concepts. Generally, CBT techniques can help patients regulate cognition by handling their emotions and behavior caused by thoughts. Thus, the study also examines internet-based CBT, family, and group therapy works used in the panic disorder CBT model. The literature shows that CBT is an effective therapy technique for panic disorder.

Key words: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Panic Disorder


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Özlem ÇAKMAK TOLAN
Articles by Cemrenur KARAASLAN
on Google
on Google Scholar


How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

TOLAN OC, KARAASLAN C, . Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029


Web Style

TOLAN OC, KARAASLAN C, . Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=128029 [Access: January 31, 2021]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

TOLAN OC, KARAASLAN C, . Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

TOLAN OC, KARAASLAN C, . Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



Harvard Style

TOLAN, O. C., KARAASLAN, C. & (0) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



Turabian Style

TOLAN, Ozlem CAKMAK, Cemrenur KARAASLAN, and . 0. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



Chicago Style

TOLAN, Ozlem CAKMAK, Cemrenur KARAASLAN, and . "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review." doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

TOLAN, Ozlem CAKMAK, Cemrenur KARAASLAN, and . "Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review." doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

TOLAN, O. C., KARAASLAN, C. & (0) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Implementations and Techniques in Panic Disorder: A Review. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.128029