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A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın.

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Abstract
“Socratic Method” is a way of teaching philosophical thinking and knowledge by asking questions which was used by antique period greek philosopher Socrates. Socrates was teaching knowledge to his followers by asking questions and the conversation between them was named “Socratic Dialogues”. In this meaning, no novel knowledge is taught to the individual but only what is formerly known is reminded and rediscovered. The form of socratic questioning which is used during the process of cognitive behavioral therapy is known as Guided Discovery. In this method it is aimed to make the client notice the piece of knowledge which he could notice but is not aware with a series of questions. Socratic method or guided discovery consists of several steps which are: Identifying the problem by listening to the client and making reflections, finding alternatives by examining and evaluating, reidentification by using the newly found information and questioning the old distorted belief and reaching to a conclusion and applying it. Question types used during these procedures are, questions for gaining information, questions revealing the meanings, questions revealing the beliefs, questions about behaviours during the similar past experiences, analyse questions and analytic synthesis questions. In order to make the patient feel understood it is important to be empathetic and summarising the problem during the interview. In this text, steps of Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery will be reviewed with sample dialogues after eachstep.

Key words: Socratic questioning, guided discovery, cognitive therapy


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. JCBPR. 2012; 1(1): 15-20. Turkish.


Web Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=18847 [Access: September 04, 2021]. Turkish.


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. JCBPR. 2012; 1(1): 15-20. Turkish.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. JCBPR. (2012), [cited September 04, 2021]; 1(1): 15-20. Turkish.



Harvard Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın (2012) [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. JCBPR, 1 (1), 15-20. Turkish.



Turabian Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. 2012. [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 1 (1), 15-20. Turkish.



Chicago Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. "[A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 1 (2012), 15-20. Turkish.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın. "[A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 1.1 (2012), 15-20. Print.Turkish.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

M. Hakan Türkçapar, A. Emre Sargın (2012) [A Technique Socratic Questioning-Guided Discovery]. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 1 (1), 15-20. Turkish.