E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults

Emily Frith, Paul D. Loprinzi.

Abstract
We evaluated the specific association between individual-specific physical activities and cognitive function among a national sample of the broader U.S. older adult population. Data from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 1,902 adults, between 60-85 years, with complete data on selected study variables. The DSST (Digit Symbol Substitution Test) was used to assess participant executive cognitive functioning. Individual specific physical activities were associated with higher cognitive performance. Weighted multivariable linear regressions showed bicycling (â= 4.3; 95% CI: -0.2-9.0; P=0.06), walking (â= 2.6; 95% CI: 0.3-4.9; P=0.02), yard work (â= 4.1; 95% CI: -0.1-8.4; P=0.05) and golf (â= 5.3; 95% CI: 1.3-9.3; P=0.01) were associated with higher cognitive functioning. However, when accounting for overall volume of physical activity, results showed the only activity that was statistically significantly associated with higher cognitive function was golf (â= 4.7; 95% CI: 0.6-8.7; P=0.02). In this nationally representative sample of adults, there was a positive association between engagement in individual-specific physical activities and cognitive function.

Key words: Epidemiology; exercise modality; health promotion; mental health; physical activity


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. JCBPR. 2018; 7(3): 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072


Web Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=284072 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. JCBPR. 2018; 7(3): 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Frith E, Loprinzi PD. Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. JCBPR. (2018), [cited December 13, 2018]; 7(3): 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



Harvard Style

Frith, E. & Loprinzi, . P. D. (2018) Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. JCBPR, 7 (3), 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



Turabian Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. 2018. Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 7 (3), 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



Chicago Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 7 (2018), 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Frith, Emily, and Paul D. Loprinzi. "Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 7.3 (2018), 107-112. Print. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Frith, E. & Loprinzi, . P. D. (2018) Individual-Specific Physical Activities on Cognitive Function among Older Adults. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 7 (3), 107-112. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.284072