E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez.

Abstract
This study aims to investigate possible risk factors associated with specific phobias in children and comorbid mental disorders. Patients between 6-18 years of age who had presented to the child psychiatry outpatient clinic at XXX University between October 2017 and February 2018 were assessed with The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia- Present version (KSADS-P) for specific phobias and comorbid diagnoses. Risk factors of specific phobia were further evaluated with a data collection tool, developed by the authors of the present study. The most common specific phobia subtype was animal phobia (n=48; 48%), which was followed by natural environment (n=27; 27%), blood-injection (n=25; 25%), situational (n=17; 17%) and other phobia (n=2; 2%). The majority of the subjects (n=59; 63.4%) reported that specific phobias began between 3-7 years of age. While %32 percent of subjects reported a sudden onset, for 40% the onset was slow and gradual. Majority of the participants (67.7%) were not able to identify a possible trigger, whilst 25.3% reported that it started after a certain event. Only 10% of the participants had reportedly sought treatment for phobia in the past. Subjects with animal phobia or situational phobia had lower, blood/injection type phobia or natural environment type phobias had higher rates of comorbidity with an externalizing disorder as compared to the rest of the sample(Χ2=9.54, p=0.002 and Χ2=11.51, p=0.001, Χ2=6.00, p=0.014 and Χ2=8.45, p=0.004; respectively). In conclusion children and adolescents do not appear to seek help for specific phobias and such cases can be easily missed if not specifically enquired by clinicians.

Key words: Phobia, Child, Adolescent, Risk factors



ocukluk a zgl Fobilerinde Risk Faktrleri ve Etanlar

Ozet
Bu aratrmada ocuklardaki zgl fobilerle ilikili risk faktrlerini ve etanlarn incelenmesi amalanmtr. XXX niversitesi ocuk ruh sal ayaktan tedavi nitesine Ekim 2017 ve ubat 2018 arasnda bavuran 6-18 ya hastalar zgl fobi ve etanlar saptamak Okul a ocuklar in Duygulanm Bozukluklar ve izofreni Grme izelgesi - imdi ekli (GD-) ile deerlendirildi. zgl fobi ile ilikili risk faktrleri almann yazarlar tarafndan gelitirilmi bir veri toplama formu ile incelendi. En sk saptanan zgl fobi alttipi hayvan fobisiydi (n=48; %48), onu doal evre fobisi (n=27; %27) kan-enjeksiyon fobisi(n=25; 25%), ve durumsal fobi (n=17; 17%) ve dier fobiler (n=2; %2) takip etmekteydi. Olgularn ou (n=59; %63.4) fobisinin 3-7 yalar arasnda baladn bildirdi. Vakalarn %32si ani balang bildirirken %40I yava ve kademeli bir balang bildirdi. Grubun byk ksm %67.7% herhangi bir tetikleyici olay hatrlamazken, %25.3 fobinin belli bir olaydan sonra baladn bildirdi. Vakalarn %10u gemite fobisi iin tedaviye bavurduunu ifade etti. Grup etanlar asndan incelendiinde, hayvan fobisi veya durumsal fobisi olanlarda grubun kalanna gre daha az, kan/enjeksiyon tipi fobi veya doal evre tipi fobisi olanlarda ise daha fazla dsallatrc bozukluk etans saptanmtr (srasyla Χ2=9.54, p=0.002; Χ2=11.51, p=0.001; Χ2=6.00, p=0.014; Χ2=8.45, p=0.004). Sonu olarak ocuk ve ergenlerin ounluu zgl fobi iin yardm araynda deildir ve zellikle sorgulanmad takdirde kolaylkla gzden kaabilmektedir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Fobi, ocuk, ergen, risk faktrleri


 
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Pubmed Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844


Web Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=300844 [Access: November 18, 2018]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



Harvard Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez (0) Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



Turabian Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. 0. Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



Chicago Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. "Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias." doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez. "Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias." doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Abdurrahman Cahid Orengul, Yavuz Meral, Vahdet Gormez (0) Risk Factors and Comorbidity in Childhood Specific Phobias. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.300844