E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression

Hacer Bolat Konukçu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Türkçapar.

Abstract
Objective: Schema are deep enduring cognitive structures that are the source of dysfunctional cognitions, emotions and behaviors activate after critical incidents in depression. A subset of schemas called Early Maladaptice Schemas(EMS) which are hyphotised to arise from early traumatic and adverce life events are also claimed to be related with not only personality disorders but also mood disorders. In this study we aimed to investigate the relationship between EMS scores and depression severity in women and compare it with non-depressed controls.
Methods: 40 women attending to an oupatient psychiaty clinic and 30 healthy controls participated. All participitants were assesed with SCID-1. Data were obtained by using a Sociodemographic Questianaire, Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form 3(YSQ) and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI).
Results: All except one(enmeshment/undeveloped self) maladaptive schema scores of depressed women were higher than controls. BDI was correlated to some schema and schema domain scores in both depressed and control groups but the correlations were stronger in control group. The schemas most related to depression symptom severity were disconnection and rejection, impaired autonomy and performance.
Conclusions: Early maladaptive schemas are related to depression and depression severity cross sectionally. The mostly related schemas disconnection and rejection and impaired autonomy and performance schemas. These schemas overlap with Beck’s helplessness and unlovability core beliefs or sociotropy and autonomy personality dimensions but low socioeconomic status and somatic presentations of depression may blunt the cognitive aspects of depression

Key words: Schema, schema therapy, depression



Kadınlarda Erken Dönem Uyumsuz Şemalar ve Depresyon ile İlişkisi

Ozet
Amaç: Şemalar işlevsel olmayan, bilişsleri, duyguların ve davranışların kaynağı olan derin bilişsel yapılardır. Depresyonda tetikleyici bir olay sonrasında aktive olurlar. Bu şemaların bir kısmına erken dönem uyumlsuz şemalar denmektedir ki bunların erkan travmatik ve olumsuz yaşam olayları sebebi ile geliştiği öne sürülmektedir. Sadece kişilik bozuklukları ile ilgili olmayıp aynı zamanda duygudurum bozuklukları ile de bağlantılı oldukları iddia edilmektedir. Bu çalışmada Erken dönem uyumlusuz şemalar ve kadınlardaki depresyon arasındaki ilişkiyi incelemeyi ve bunu depresyonu olmayan kontroller ile karşılaştırmayı amaçladık.
Yöntem: Psikiyatri polikliniğine başvuran 40 kadın ve 30 sağlıklı control çalışmaya dahil oldu. Tüm hastalara SCID-I uygulanarak tanıları konduç Sosyodemograifk verileri içeren bir form ile beraber Young Şema Ölçeği(YSQ) ve Beck Depresyon ölçeği kullanılarak veriler elde edildi.
Bulgular: Depresyondaki kadınların bir erken dönem uyumlusuz şema skoru dışında(iç içe geçmişlik/gelişmemiş benlik) tüm şema skorları kontrollerden yüksek ve depresyon şiddeti ile korelasyon gösterdiği bulunmuştur. Buna karşın depresyonda olmayan kontrollerin şema skorları ile BDI skorları arasındaki ilişki depresyondaki kontrollerden daha güçlü bulundu.
Sonuç: Erken dönem uyumsuz şemalar kesitsel olarak depresyon ve depresyon şiddeti ile ilişkilidir. karşın düşük sosyoekenomik düzey ve depresyonun somatic görünümleri bu ilişkiyi küntleştiriyor olabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Şema, şema terapi, depresyon


 
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Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. JCBPR. 0; 0(0): -.


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Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. http://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=32578 [Access: March 28, 2020].


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. JCBPR. 0; 0(0): -.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. JCBPR. (0), [cited March 28, 2020]; 0(0): -.



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Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar (0) Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. JCBPR, 0 (0), -.



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Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. 0. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 0 (0), -.



Chicago Style

Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. "Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 0 (0), -.



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Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar. "Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 0.0 (0), -. Print.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Hacer Bolat Konukcu, Serkan Akkoyunlu, Hakan Mehmet Turkcapar (0) Early Maladaptive Schemas in Depressed Women and its relationship with depression. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 0 (0), -.