E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR)

Sare Aydın , Sedat Batmaz, Esma Akpınar Aslan, Ahmet Savaş.

Abstract
Introduction: The aim of the study was to determine the validity and reliability of Turkish version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF) and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR).
Method:105 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder with psychotic features with psychotic signs and symptoms and 80 healthy controls without any psychiatric diagnosis in the past or at the time of evaluation were included in the study. Patients were evaluated with the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale, the Bipolar Depression Rating Scale, the Young Mania Rating Scale, the Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale and the Cognitive Attention Syndrome 1 Scale (CAS-1), in addition to the BaPS-SF and MCR. Informed consent and permission from the ethics committee were obtained from the participants in the study (Ethics Committee No: 21-KAEK-053).Study data were analyzed with SPSS.
Results:The age of the patients was 38.40 (11.94) years, and the control group was 37.11 (12.551) years. The groups were similar in terms of age, gender and education level. Married people were more common in the healthy control group (p=0.005). AII psychopathology scales were significantly higher in the psychosis group (all p values <0.001).The internal consistency of the BaPS-SF was high (Cronbach a=0.898). lt was determined that the BaPS-SF has a three-factor structure: survival strategy, normalizing beliefs and negative beliefs. lt was determined that the MCR has a three-factor structure: social control and reassurance seeking, threat monitoring and avoidance and conscious self-regulation attempts The internal consistency of the subscales ranged from 0.867 to 0.876.
Discussion: Current results show that BaPS-SF and MCR are valid and reliable for Turkish population.

Key words: metacognition, scale, validity, reliability


 
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Pubmed Style

SA, Batmaz S, Aslan EA, Savaş A, . Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). JCBPR. 2023; 12(3): 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685


Web Style

SA, Batmaz S, Aslan EA, Savaş A, . Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). https://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=145685 [Access: December 05, 2023]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

SA, Batmaz S, Aslan EA, Savaş A, . Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). JCBPR. 2023; 12(3): 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

SA, Batmaz S, Aslan EA, Savaş A, . Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). JCBPR. (2023), [cited December 05, 2023]; 12(3): 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



Harvard Style

, S. A., Batmaz, S., Aslan, E. A., Savaş, A. & (2023) Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). JCBPR, 12 (3), 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



Turabian Style

, Sare Aydın, Sedat Batmaz, Esma Akpınar Aslan, Ahmet Savaş, and . 2023. Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 12 (3), 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



Chicago Style

, Sare Aydın, Sedat Batmaz, Esma Akpınar Aslan, Ahmet Savaş, and . "Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR)." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 12 (2023), 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

, Sare Aydın, Sedat Batmaz, Esma Akpınar Aslan, Ahmet Savaş, and . "Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR)." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 12.3 (2023), 242-253. Print. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

, S. A., Batmaz, S., Aslan, E. A., Savaş, A. & (2023) Evaluation of Psychosis Signs and Symptoms According to the Metacognitive Model: Determining Validity and Reliability of Turkish Version of The Beliefs about Paranoia Scale Short Form( BaPS-SF)e and The Measure of Common Responses to Unusual Experiences (MCR). Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 12 (3), 242-253. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.145685