E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Review Article 


Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients

Cem SOYLU.

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Abstract
Depression and anxiety are generally considered to be the most important psychopathological comorbidities of cancer patients and experienced by approximately one-third of cancer patients. In the literature, studies have reported that patient characteristics such as gender, age, education level and disease characteristics such as recurrence, stage of cancer and metestazis are associated with anxiety and depression among cancer patients. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and techniques are one of the most frequently used approach in studying the effects of psychological intervention on anxiety and depression in cancer patients and its value has been demonstrated in reducing distress with diverse cancer populations. The aim of cognitive-behavioral interventions is to change particular thoughts and behaviors and teach specific coping skills, such as cognitive restructuring, behavior modification, relaxation training and activity plan by using specific techniques. Cognitive restructing, stress management and desensitization, relaxation and activity scheduling with use of diary sheet are most used among CBT techniques. This review summarizes the diagnosis, prevalence, risk factors and treatment of depression and anxiety in patients with cancer and CBT techniques applied to these symptoms and study findings related to treatment.

Key words: Cognitive behavioral therapy, cancer, anxiety, depression


 
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Pubmed Style

Cem SOYLU. Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. JCBPR. 2015; 4(1): 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735


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Cem SOYLU. Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. https://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=161735 [Access: August 02, 2022]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Cem SOYLU. Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. JCBPR. 2015; 4(1): 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Cem SOYLU. Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. JCBPR. (2015), [cited August 02, 2022]; 4(1): 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



Harvard Style

Cem SOYLU (2015) Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. JCBPR, 4 (1), 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



Turabian Style

Cem SOYLU. 2015. Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 4 (1), 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



Chicago Style

Cem SOYLU. "Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 4 (2015), 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Cem SOYLU. "Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 4.1 (2015), 54-63. Print. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Cem SOYLU (2015) Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Techniques on Anxiety and Depression in Cancer Patients. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 4 (1), 54-63. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.161735