E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 


The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency

Bikem HACIÖMEROĞLU, Mehmet AK, Beyazit GARİP, Alper CİNAR, Emel CONGOLOĞLU.

Abstract
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the early maladaptive schemas and coping strategies of substance dependents. We hypothesized that substance dependents would have more maladaptive unhealthy schemas and would use less adaptive coping strategies than healthy controls. Methods: Thirty-two patients diagnosed with substance dependency and 31 control subjects without any psychiatric disorders were evaluated via Young Schema Questionnaire-SF, COPE, and SCID-I. Informed consent was obtained from the participants. The study was approved by the local ethical committee.
Results: The substance dependents scored significantly higher than the control group in nine out of fourteen early maladaptive schemas. In terms of coping strategies, the substance dependents scored significantly lower than the control group in Positive Reinterpretation and Growth, Seeking Social Support for Instrumental Reasons, Active Coping, and Seeking Social Support for Emotional Reasons, and significantly higher in Behavioral Disengagement and Alcohol-drug Disengagement subscales. Moreover, Alcohol-drug disengagement type of coping style was significantly predicted by schemas of Emotional deprivation, Emotional inhibition, Enmeshment/dependence, Entitlement/ insufficient self-control, Abandonment/instability, Punitiveness, Defectiveness/shame, Vulnerability to harm or illness, and Unrelenting standards/hypercriticalness.
Discussion: Current study showed that the substance dependents had more maladaptive unhealthy core beliefs and ineffective coping strategies than a non-clinical control group. These findings support the importance of early maladaptive schemas which might be the underlying factor for the dependency problem, and might prevent the person to deal with the problem with more active and problem focused coping strategies.

Key words: Substance dependency, Early Maladaptive Schemas, Coping Strategies


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

HACIOMEROĞLU B, AK M, GARİP B, CİNAR A, CONGOLOĞLU E. The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. JCBPR. 2014; 3(3): 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730


Web Style

HACIOMEROĞLU B, AK M, GARİP B, CİNAR A, CONGOLOĞLU E. The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. https://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=164730 [Access: September 15, 2022]. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

HACIOMEROĞLU B, AK M, GARİP B, CİNAR A, CONGOLOĞLU E. The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. JCBPR. 2014; 3(3): 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

HACIOMEROĞLU B, AK M, GARİP B, CİNAR A, CONGOLOĞLU E. The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. JCBPR. (2014), [cited September 15, 2022]; 3(3): 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



Harvard Style

HACIOMEROĞLU, B., AK, . M., GARİP, . B., CİNAR, . A. & CONGOLOĞLU, . E. (2014) The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. JCBPR, 3 (3), 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



Turabian Style

HACIOMEROĞLU, Bikem, Mehmet AK, Beyazit GARİP, Alper CİNAR, and Emel CONGOLOĞLU. 2014. The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 3 (3), 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



Chicago Style

HACIOMEROĞLU, Bikem, Mehmet AK, Beyazit GARİP, Alper CİNAR, and Emel CONGOLOĞLU. "The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 3 (2014), 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

HACIOMEROĞLU, Bikem, Mehmet AK, Beyazit GARİP, Alper CİNAR, and Emel CONGOLOĞLU. "The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 3.3 (2014), 162-170. Print. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

HACIOMEROĞLU, B., AK, . M., GARİP, . B., CİNAR, . A. & CONGOLOĞLU, . E. (2014) The Role of Early Maladaptive Schemas and Coping Strategies in Substance Dependency. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 3 (3), 162-170. doi:10.5455/JCBPR.164730