E-ISSN 2636-8765 | ISSN 2146-9490
 

Original Research 
JCBPR. 2012; 1(3): 145-151


Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK.

Cited by (1)

Abstract
Objective and methodology: Cognitive theory of depression has begun to examine the difference between bipolar and unipolar depression in the context of thinking features. Yet, little is known about the same and seperated points of bipolar and unipolar depression. The objective is evaluating relationship between cognitive schemas of bipolar and unipolar patients. Bipolar and unipolar depression patients and a control group were enrolled in the study. Beck Depression Inventory, Young Mania Scale and Young Schema Questionnaire were administered to the groups.
Results: There was significant difference between unipolar and control groups in “Abandonment/instability”. In “mistrust/ abuse” significant difference was between unipolar and bipolar and between unipolar and control groups. ln “entitlement/ self-centeredness” difference was between unipolar and control groups. In all other schemas, difference was between unipolar and control and bipolar and control groups. In these schemas, control group had significantly lower scores than others. Unipolar and bipolar groups were similar.
Conclusion: In patient groups, schemas like defectiveness, incompetence, failure, vulnerability to danger and undeveloped self were indicative of low self-perception. This case draws attention to distortions in self-perception. When the absence of difference between bipolar and controls in “mistrust/abuse” and “abandonment/instability” schemas is evaluated in terms of cognitive triad, it is suggested that Environmental perspective in this group of patients did not exhibit pessimistic features. The only significantly different schema between unipolar and bipolar groups was “mistrust/abuse”. This suggests that bipolar group didn’t have negative thoughts like unipolar patients about the perception of the enviroment.

Key words: Unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, cognitive therapy


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Nergis LAPSEKİLİ
Articles by Mehmet AK
on Google
on Google Scholar

This Article Cited By the following articles

Early maladaptive schemas in the patients with somatoform disorders
Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 2014; (): 1.

1
 
How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. JCBPR. 2012; 1(3): 145-151. Turkish.


Web Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. https://www.jcbpr.org/?mno=29273 [Access: July 31, 2022]. Turkish.


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. JCBPR. 2012; 1(3): 145-151. Turkish.



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. JCBPR. (2012), [cited July 31, 2022]; 1(3): 145-151. Turkish.



Harvard Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK (2012) [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. JCBPR, 1 (3), 145-151. Turkish.



Turabian Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. 2012. [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 1 (3), 145-151. Turkish.



Chicago Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. "[Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 1 (2012), 145-151. Turkish.



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK. "[Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]." Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research 1.3 (2012), 145-151. Print.Turkish.



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Nergis LAPSEKİLİ, Mehmet AK (2012) [Early Maladaptive Schemas Related to Unipolar and Bipolar Depression: Similarities and Differences]. Journal of Cognitive-Behavioral Psychotherapy and Research, 1 (3), 145-151. Turkish.